After the death of Muhammad in 632, four
caliphs known as the ‘Rightly Guided’
the sovereignty. Under their authority and
command the Muslim armies carried the new
faith from the Arabian Peninsula all round the
shores of the Mediterranean, until the eastern
part of Iran. Upon the assassination of the
Caliph, the governor of Syria seized the power
and established the first Islamic dynasty, the
Umayyad Caliphate (661-750).
Umayyad period is often considered the
formative period of Islamic art.
Regardless of the fact that Arabic became the
official language and Islam the principal, and
often the only, religion of the diverse lands
unified under the Umayyad rule, artists
to work in their established manner. As time
went by though new techniques were
along additional or new forms and alternative
decorative conventions which distinguished
latest creations from earlier works. Thus and
through a process of adoption, adaptation and
inspiration a new sense of artistic expression
emerged, of an Islamic nature and distinctly
Islamic in character.
Glazed pottery baluster vase incised with
of linear design.
Of an elegant shape eathernware.
Glaze covering only 2/3 of the whole surface,
leaving the lower part of the vase unglazed,
which is quite a typical feature of ceramic
decoration during this period.
Round neck terminating in a round projecting